Climate change

To tackle climate change, we must change our production and consumption patterns.

The fight against climate change goes hand in hand with an efficient energy transition.

At IIDMA we contribute to the fight against climate change through the implementation and development of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Paris Agreement. We also work to strengthen EU policy instruments adopted to meet international climate change commitments.

As part of the actions to be carried out, we consider it necessary to evolve our production and consumption patterns to eliminate greenhouse gas emissions: CO2, CH4, O3 and CFH.

Based on the above, our work focuses on making possible a structural change in energy systems, understanding that the first step must be the removal of fossil fuels. We also promote the need for an efficient energy transition and supporting the deployment of renewable energy technologies whilst respecting land and biodiversity.

Our main lines of work include

Main Projects

2012 – Within the framework of the Life+ funding awarded in 2012 to Justice & Environment, an organisation of which IIDMA is a member, we carried out two case studies to analyse how climate change was taken into account in environmental impact assessment and strategic environmental assessment procedures. Firstly, the case of the Balboa refinery was chosen. Secondly, the case of the Renewable Energy Plan (2011-2010).

2013 – As part of the Life+ funding awarded in 2013 to Justice & Environment, an organisation of which IIDMA is a member, we conducted an analysis to assess how energy transition aspects are addressed in legislation and policy relating to:

  • Renewable energy production.
  • Smart grids that are capable of distributing and storing energy from renewable sources.
  • Reducing energy consumption, including energy efficiency.

2017-2020. IIDMA collaborated with the EUKI Project, an initiative promoted by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) that ran until February 2020 and involved Germany, France, Ireland, Spain and Hungary. This project sought to promote cooperation between different countries of the European Union to adopt and disseminate best practices among professionals in the sector regarding climate change mitigation, and to create multidisciplinary working networks. To this end, workshops, policy analysis and communication actions were developed to raise public awareness. More info, here.

2021 – IIDMA presented a comprehensive report analysing the sectoral policies of the six main Spanish banks (Bankia, Bankinter, BBVA, CaixaBank, Sabadell and Santander) and offering a series of recommendations to the sector.

2022 – These workshops, organised by IIDMA, enabled the exchange of opinions and experiences on climate and energy action at regional level. The different events were attended by dozens of specialists from the political, academic and environmental and energy law fields.

The report “The regional Climate Change Expert Committees and their contribution to achieving climate neutrality“, among other reports published by IIDMA, was presented in the workshops. This publication highlights that, although the creation of these committees is a positive experience, their implementation at regional level is failing because they lack the necessary mechanisms and resources to carry out their tasks. For this reason, IIDMA recommends that the creation of these bodies is accompanied by a clear and detailed regulatory framework, greater transparency, functional and budgetary independence, and a system of remuneration for their work.

The DACE project aims to raise EU citizens’ awareness of climate change policies and legislation. In particular, the project focuses on climate change adaptation – mitigation is addressed in a cross-cutting manner – and citizens’ climate rights in the legal systems of the six participating EU countries. More information here.

Other areas of expertise

Our objective is to contribute to sustainable development and the protection of the planet, through the analysis, implementation and enforcement of the law.
We promote a structural change in energy systems, focusing our work on the decarbonisation of different sectors.

We contribute to the development of institutional governance systems aimed towards environmental protection.


We contribute to improving the quality and use of water resources by promoting the efficiency and effectiveness of law and programmes aimed towards water protection.


We contribute to the development and implementation of international Conventions and the main EU Directives in this field.

Help us to continue defending the future of our planet